Composting is a natural process of decomposition that converts organic waste, such as food scraps and yard waste, into nutrient-rich soil. Composting can be done at home or on a larger scale, and involves layering organic materials and allowing them to break down over time with the help of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. The resulting compost can be used as a natural fertilizer to enrich soil, promote plant growth, and reduce the need for chemical fertilizers. Composting is a sustainable practice that helps to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills, which can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect the environment. It is a simple and effective way to turn organic waste into a valuable resource for gardening and farming.